Project location: Beijing
Land area: 5000 square meters
Structure Area: 3000 square meters
Design content: building+interior+landscape
Functions: residence + studio + private art gallery
As a private house as well as a studio, this building is designed for the artist. It is located nearby an artificial lake in Beijing Songzhuang Art District, which facing south. Songzhuang Art Gallery is on the other side of the lake. There is a lake which being left after the construction of Liu Huan Road. The lake is not very large, but contains fine water. Its water lever is really low, that makes the 7-meter high quay looks rather steep. This building will be located on this spot. As an art center, this district is going to be the new combining area between city and countryside. The peculiar topography, the peculiar lake and the peculiar art district will together make a really peculiar building.
Actually, “Bi-exist” and “Tri-yard” indicate two lays of meaning of the building’s name. “Bi-exist” emphasizes the fashion and strategy of the architectural dimension, aspiring after freedom and systematic relationship of the building. “Tri-yard”, however, puts emphasis on the result of one architecture, stressing the mutually dependent relationship between the human and the nature.
One half of the building’s base submerges three meters more than the other half which from two different base levels. The aim is to let the building and the water become more close ,make the layers between inside and outside become more various and let the living space becomes more private with a stronger sense of dimension.
Concerning the architectural function, the building is divided into studio and dwelling house. As for the architectural form, it is separated into two parts, the upper and the lower one. Forms and functions are closely related to each other, aiming at satisfying demands of the owner more systematically. As a whole, the building adheres to the submerging topography, with the upper and lower floor interlaced with each other. Hence an inside-and-outside mutually dependent space is created, which blurs the relationship between different floors. In turn, such arrangement naturally divides the whole base into three courtyards with different characteristics respectively. In addition, its space undergoes three processes, namely, open, half-open and closed. Fluidity and continuity of the organic space are the soul of the building. Such winding form of the building expresses more freely the nature of things. Every parts of the building are united with one another. Since the building depends on the submerged base, it can be said to grow inside the earth. The mutually dependent form embraces natural scenery with various layers. In this way, the outside, together with the inside of the building, gradually focuses on the direction of the lake, which, as the most meaningful natural sight, integrates itself into the building. This is an organic conception, the combination between each part of the orderly space demonstrating a state both harmonious and tensional. Their mutually independent relationship makes it easier for the building to integrate with the original earth.
Here the three courtyards indicate three states of human: the open courtyard foretells communication between man and society; the half-open one makes it convenient for the owner to communicate with others; and the closed and private one gives space for the owner to meditate. Three states complement one another.. In this space,every kind of philosophy maintains a chance to represent itself, Mutually dependent, No matter the in-world one of Confucius, or the out-of-world one of Taoism.
“Bi-exist tri-yard” emphasize on communication. In this way, not only provides an opportunity for the human to be harmonious with the nature, the society and the others, but also puts emphasis on self-consideration and self-examination. They are of the same importance.